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The Persistence of the Criminal Justice Gender Gap: Evidence from 200 Years of Judicial Decisions

Anna Bindler and Randi Hjalmarsson

No 780, Working Papers in Economics from University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics

Abstract: We document persistent gender gaps favoring females in jury convictions and judge sentences in nearly 200 years of London trials, which are unexplained by case characteristics. We find that three sharp changes in punishment severity locally affected the size and nature of the gaps, but were generally not strong enough to offset their persistence. These local effects suggest a mechanism of taste-based discrimination (paternalism) where the all-male judiciary protected females from the harshest available punishment.

Keywords: gender; gender gap; crime; verdict; sentencing; discrimination; history (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 K14 K40 N33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 58 pages
Date: 2019-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-exp, nep-gen, nep-his, nep-law and nep-ure
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http://hdl.handle.net/2077/62247 Full text (text/html)

Related works:
Journal Article: The Persistence of the Criminal Justice Gender Gap: Evidence from 200 Years of Judicial Decisions (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: The Persistence of the Criminal Justice Gender Gap: Evidence from 200 Years of Judicial Decisions (2019) Downloads
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