Globalization, Job Tasks and the Demand for Different Occupations
Fredrik Heyman () and
Fredrik Sjöholm ()
No 1268, Working Paper Series from Research Institute of Industrial Economics
Globalization has increased in recent decades, resulting in structural changes of production and labor demand. This paper examines how the increased global engagement of firms affects the structure of the workforce. We find that the aggregate distribution of occupations in Sweden has become more skilled between 1997 and 2013. Moreover, firms with a high degree of international orientation have a relatively skilled distribution of occupations and firms with low international orientation have a relatively unskilled distribution of occupations. High- and low-skilled occupations have increased in importance whereas middle-skilled occupations have declined with a resulting job polarization. We also discuss and analyze the role played by new technology and automatization.
Keywords: Occupations; Job polarization; Globalization; Multinational enterprises; Exporter; Automatization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F16 F23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-eec and nep-int
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:1268
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