EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The evolution of owner-entrepreneurs’ taxation: five tax regimes over a 160-year period

Niklas Elert (), Dan Johansson, Mikael Stenkula and Niklas Wykman ()
Additional contact information
Niklas Wykman: Örebro University School of Business, Postal: Örebro University, School of Business, SE - 701 82 ÖREBRO, Sweden, https://www.oru.se/english/employee/niklas_wykman

No 2022:4, Working Papers from Örebro University, School of Business

Abstract: The institutional literature suggests that long-term tax incentives are crucial for entrepreneurs, but studies on this topic are hampered by theoretical and empirical problems related to how to define and measure entrepreneurial income. We resolve these problems by drawing on a theoretical definition of the entrepreneur as an owner, which enables us to identify entrepreneurship empirically by means of investments made by active owners of closely held firms. Using detailed Swedish tax data, we analyze the tax incentives for such owner-entrepreneur investments from 1862 to 2018, thereby highlighting the evolution of a general institutional phenomenon through a long-run, in-depth, country-specific analysis. We calculate the annual marginal effective tax rate (METR) on capital income for investments, distinguishing between average- and top-income entrepreneurs, and between three sources of finance. We identify five tax regimes that indicate substantial differences in institutional quality over time according to the magnitude of the METR and METR differences between average- and top-income entrepreneurs and across sources of finance. Increased taxation of owner-entrepreneurs helps explain the absence of new large entrepreneurial firms in Sweden after World War II, while improved incentives can be associated with Sweden’s recent entrepreneurial renaissance.

Keywords: high-impact entrepreneurship; institutional quality; arginal effective tax rates; tax regimes; tax reforms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H21 H31 H32 L25 L26 N44 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 38 pages
Date: 2022-05-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cfn, nep-ent, nep-his, nep-pbe, nep-pub and nep-sbm
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.oru.se/globalassets/oru-sv/institution ... rs2022/wp-4-2022.pdf Full text (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: The evolution of owner-entrepreneurs’ taxation: five tax regimes over a 160-year period (2023) Downloads
Working Paper: The Evolution of Owner-Entrepreneurs’ Taxation: Five Tax Regimes over a 160-Year Period (2022) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hhs:oruesi:2022_004

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Örebro University, School of Business Örebro University School of Business, SE - 701 82 ÖREBRO, Sweden. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2024-02-19
Handle: RePEc:hhs:oruesi:2022_004