Trade Credit: Contract-Level Evidence Contradicts Current Theories
Tore Ellingsen (),
Tor Jacobson () and
Erik von Schedvin ()
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Tor Jacobson: Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden, Postal: Sveriges Riksbank, SE-103 37 Stockholm, Sweden
Erik von Schedvin: Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden, Postal: Sveriges Riksbank, SE-103 37 Stockholm, Sweden
No 315, Working Paper Series from Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden)
We study 52 million trade credit contracts, issued by 51 suppliers over 9 years to about 199,000 unique customers. The data contain information on contract size, due dates, actual time to payment, and firm characteristics. Our empirical analysis contradicts the conventional view that trade credit is an inferior source of funding. Specifically, while we replicate the usual finding that payables are negatively related to customers’ financial strength, our disaggregated data reveal that improvements in customers’ financial conditions are primarily associated with a reduced value of input purchases rather than smaller trade credit usage. In fact, customers’ financial conditions are unrelated to agreed contract duration and only modestly affect overdue payments. Moreover, the customer’s size and share of the supplier’s sales both have a positive impact on the due date. Overall, the evidence indicates that customers prefer trade credit over other available sources of funding and thus calls for a new theory of short-term finance.
Keywords: Trade credit; Credit contracts; Financing constraints (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G32 G33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban and nep-cfn
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