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Gains from Fragmentation at the Firm Level: Evidence from Japanese Multinationals in East Asia

Kazunobu Hayakawa (), Fukunari Kimura () and Toshiyuki Matsuura ()

Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series from Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University

Abstract: The unprecedented development of production networks in East Asia has been investigated, both theoretically and empirically, employing the conceptual framework of fragmentation theory and its extensions. However, the benefits of production fragmentation at the firm level, particularly benefits deriving from different location advantages, have never been directly measured empirically. This paper presents the very first attempt, to the authors f knowledge, to empirically capture the benefits of fragmentation. Specifically, using Japanese firm-level data, we find that the larger the gap in the capital-labor ratios between fragmenting firms f home and overseas activities, the more greatly their cost efficiency improves.

Keywords: Firm heterogeneity; multinational enterprises; fragmentation; factor intensity; micro data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F21 F23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int
Date: 2009-12
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