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Does Privatization Hurt Workers? Lessons from Comprehensive Manufacturing Firm Panel Data in Hungary, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine

J. David Brown (), John Earle () and Almos Telegdy

No 509, CERT Discussion Papers from Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University

Abstract: We analyze the effects of privatization on firm-level wages and employment in four transition economies. Contrary to workers' fears, our fixed effect and random trend estimates imply little effect of domestic privatization, except for a slight negative effect in Russia, and they provide some evidence of positive foreign effects on both wages and employment in all four countries. The negligible employment impact of domestic privatization results from effects on efficiency and scale that are large, positive, but offsetting in Hungary and Romania, and from small effects of both types in Russia and Ukraine. The positive employment and wage bill consequences of foreign ownership result from a substantial scale-expansion effect that dominates the efficiency effect.

Keywords: privatization; employment; wages; foreign ownership; Hungary; Romania; Russia; Ukraine (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D21 G34 J23 J31 L33 P3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis, nep-eec, nep-fin, nep-lab and nep-tra
Date: 2005
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Working Paper: Does Privatization Hurt Workers? Lessons from Comprehensive Manufacturing Firm Panel Data in Hungary, Romania, Russia and Ukraine (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Does Privatization Hurt Workers? Lessons from Comprehensive Manufacturing Firm Panel Data in Hungary, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine (2005) Downloads
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