EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Valuing Product Innovation: Genetically Engineered Varieties in U.S. Corn and Soybeans

Federico Ciliberto (), GianCarlo Moschini () and Edward Perry

Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications from Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University

Abstract: We develop and estimate a discrete-choice model of differentiated products for the corn and soybean seed industry in the United States to assess the welfare impact of genetically engineered (GE) crop varieties. We use a unique dataset, spanning the period 1996-2011, that contains rich information on the adoption of GE traits. Using a two-level nested logit model, we estimate that U.S. farmers are willing to pay a significant premium for GE traits, and this value has increased over time. Over the last five years of the sample, our results imply that farmers' average willingness to pay for glyphosate tolerance in soybeans was $24/acre/year. During the same period, farmers' willingness to pay for a common triple-stack in corn that includes two insect resistance traits and glyphosate tolerance was $35/acre/year. To compute overall welfare estimates, we evaluate counterfactual scenarios in which GE varieties are not available, with counterfactual non-GE seed prices predicted by a hedonic price equation. Counterfactual scenarios are adjusted to account for the fact that GE crop varieties crowded out non-GE varieties by the end of our sample. We estimate that GE innovations increased farmers' welfare by more than $14 billion over the period of study. We also find that the development and diffusion of GE traits increased U.S. corn and soybean seed industry revenues by nearly $23 billion over this period. Thus, seed firms have been able to appropriate the larger share of the ex post value of innovation created by GE technologies. Key Words: Discrete choice, Innovation, Nested logit, Product characteristics, Seed demand, Transgenic crops, Welfare JEL Codes

New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dcm, nep-env and nep-ino
Date: 2017-12
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.card.iastate.edu/products/publications/pdf/17wp576.pdf Full Text (application/pdf)
https://www.card.iastate.edu/products/publications/synopsis/?p=1267 Online Synopsis (text/html)

Related works:
Journal Article: Valuing product innovation: genetically engineered varieties in US corn and soybeans (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Valuing Product Innovation: Genetically Engineered Varieties in U.S. Corn and Soybeans (2019) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ias:cpaper:17-wp576

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications from Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2019-12-03
Handle: RePEc:ias:cpaper:17-wp576