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Inflation and Activity: Two Explorations and Their Monetary Policy Implications

Olivier Blanchard (), Eugenio Cerutti and Lawrence Summers

No WP15-19, Working Paper Series from Peterson Institute for International Economics

Abstract: We explore two issues triggered by the global financial crisis. First, in most advanced countries, output remains far below the pre-recession trend, suggesting hysteresis. Second, while inflation has decreased, it has decreased less than anticipated, suggesting a breakdown of the relation between inflation and activity. To examine the first, we look at 122 recessions over the past 50 years in 23 countries. We find that a high proportion of them have been followed by lower output or even lower growth. To examine the second, we estimate a Phillips curve relation over the past 50 years for 20 countries. We find that the effect of unemployment on inflation, for given expected inflation, decreased until the early 1990s but has remained roughly stable since then. We draw implications of our findings for monetary policy.

Keywords: Recessions; Hysteresis; Phillips Curve; Monetary Policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E32 E50 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-mac and nep-mon
Date: 2015-11
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Working Paper: Inflation and Activity - Two Explorations and Their Monetary Policy Implications (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Inflation and Activity – Two Explorations and their Monetary Policy Implications (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Inflation and Activity – Two Explorations and their Monetary Policy Implications (2015) Downloads
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