Public work programmes and gender-based violence- the case of NREGA in India
Sofia Amaral (),
Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay and
No 176, Working papers from Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode
NREGS (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) is the Indian government’s flagship anti-poverty programme and is one of the largest public works programmes in the world which aims to increase employment opportunities for the poor and in particular, improve women’s access to the labour market. In this paper we analyse the relationship between female labour participation and violence against women. Using district-time variation in the implementation of this anti-poverty programme we estimate the effect of improved participation and access to employment of women on gender-based violence. We find evidence that increased female labour participation following the NREGS increased total gender-based violence. There are increases in kidnappings, sexual harassment and domestic violence, while dowry deaths decreased.
Keywords: Gender-based violence; NREGA; Employment; Female Employment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J12 J24 J71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 23 pages
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Working Paper: Public Work Programs and Gender-based Violence: The Case of NREGA in India (2015)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iik:wpaper:176
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