Determinants of Dollarization: The Banking Side
Luis Catão () and
Marco Terrones ()
No 2000/146, IMF Working Papers from International Monetary Fund
Dollarization in financial intermediation has exhibited a widely diverse pattern across countries. Empirical work relating it to macroeconomic variables has had only limited success in explaining the phenomenon. This paper presents a two-currency banking model to show that deposit and loan dollarization are determined by a broader set of factors. These include interest rates and exchange rate risk, as well as structural factors related to costly banking, credit market imperfections, and availability of tradable collateral. The direction in which dollarization tends to move with macroeconomic shocks is shown to depend on those factors as well as on initial dollarization levels.
Keywords: WP; foreign currency; Dollarization; Money and Banking; Emerging Markets; loan dollarization; loan default; loan market; loan collateralization; devaluation risk; contract bank lending; deposit dollarization; loan portfolio; Currencies; Loans; Bank credit; Exchange rate risk; Eastern Europe; Asia and Pacific (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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