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IMF Working Papers

From International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC USA.
Contact information at EDIRC.

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2022/231: The Carrot and the Stock: In Search of Stock-Market Incentives for Decarbonization Downloads
Laurent Millischer, Tatiana Evdokimova and Oscar Fernandez
2022/230: Improving Sovereign Financing Conditions Through Data Transparency Downloads
Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia
2022/229: Uzbekistan's Transition to Inflation Targeting Downloads
Ezequiel Cabezon and Moayad Al Rasasi
2022/228: Instant Payments: Regulatory Innovation and Payment Substitution Across Countries Downloads
Tanai Khiaonarong and David Humphrey
2022/227: Do Actions Speak Louder Than Words? Assessing the Effects of Inflation Targeting Track Records on Macroeconomic Performance Downloads
Zhongxia Zhang and Shiyi Wang
2022/226: Modeling and Forecasting Monthly Tourism Arrivals to Aruba Since COVID-19 Pandemic Downloads
Olga Bespalova
2022/225: Lessons from Haiti’s Recent Exchange Rate Developments Downloads
Neil Shenai and Rina Bhattacharya
2022/224: Managing Guyana’s Oil Wealth: Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy Considerations Downloads
Rina Bhattacharya
2022/223: The Sovereign-Bank Nexus in Emerging Markets in the Wake of the COVID-19 Pandemic Downloads
Mustafa Yenice, Yizhi Xu, Tara Iyer, Hamid Tabarraei, Andrea Deghi and Salih Fendoglu
2022/222: U.S. and Euro Area Monetary and Fiscal Interactions During the Pandemic: A Structural Analysis Downloads
Jesper Lindé, Zoltan Jakab, Andrew Hodge and Vina Nguyen
2022/221: Wage-Price Spirals: What is the Historical Evidence? Downloads
John Bluedorn, Niels-Jakob Hansen, Jorge Alvarez, Evgenia Pugacheva, Alexandre Sollaci and Youyou Huang
2022/220: Chasing the Sun and Catching the Wind: Energy Transition and Electricity Prices in Europe Downloads
Serhan Cevik and Keitaro Ninomiya
2022/219: Trade Policy Implications of a Changing World: Tariffs and Import Market Power Downloads
Roberta Piermartini, Adam Jakubik and Alexander Keck
2022/218: How Do Transaction Costs Influence Remittances Downloads
Kangni Kpodar and Patrick Imam
2022/217: A Multi-Currency Exchange and Contracting Platform Downloads
Robert Townsend, Tommaso Mancini Griffoli, Tobias Adrian, Federico Grinberg and Nicolas Zhang
2022/216: Electoral Cycles in Tax Reforms Downloads
Antonio David and Can Sever
2022/215: A Quarterly Projection Model for the WAEMU Downloads
Carlos de Resende, Alsim Fall and Demba Sy
2022/214: Raising Armenia’s Export Potential Downloads
Yulia Ustyugova, Klakow Akepanidtaworn, Nathalie Reyes and Lili Karapetyan
2022/213: Productivity and Product Markets in Korea: Evidence from Advanced Economies Downloads
Andrew Swiston and Stella Tam
2022/212: Financial Innovation and Statistical Methodological Guidance—Key Considerations Downloads
Marco Espinosa-Vega, James McAndrews, Elizabeth Holmquist, Ken Lamar, Emmanuel Manolikakis, Holt Williamson and Joe Crowley
2022/211: Scarring and Corporate Debt Downloads
Davide Furceri, Siddharth Kothari, Nour Tawk, Julia Estefania-Flores and Pablo Gonzalez-Dominguez
2022/210: Digitalization and Resilience Downloads
Davide Furceri, Alexander Copestake and Julia Estefania-Flores
2022/209: Monetary Policy Communication and Financial Markets in India Downloads
Faisal Ahmed, Mahir Binici and Jarkko Turunen
2022/208: Understanding U.S. Inflation During the COVID Era Downloads
Daniel Leigh, Laurence Ball and Prachi Mishra
2022/207: How Persistent are Climate-Related Price Shocks? Implications for Monetary Policy Downloads
Alain Kabundi, Jiaxiong Yao and Montfort Mlachila
2022/206: Digital Money and Central Banks Balance Sheet Downloads
Adrian Armas and Manmohan Singh
2022/205: Biases in Survey Inflation Expectations: Evidence from the Euro Area Downloads
Jiaqian Chen, Lucyna Gornicka and Vaclav Zdarek
2022/204: Updating Inflation Weights in the UK and Germany during COVID-19 Downloads
Francesco Grigoli and Evgenia Pugacheva
2022/203: The Propensity to Remit: Macro and Micro Factors Driving Remittances to Central America and the Caribbean Downloads
Chiara Fratto, Hussein Bidawi, Paola Aliperti F. Domingues and Nicole Laframboise
2022/202: Did Insurers Become Risk-Loving During “Low-for-Long”? The Role of Returns, Ratings, and Regulation Downloads
Juan Sole and Jeroen Brinkhoff
2022/201: Unpacking Impact of COVID-19 on Vietnamese Firms: Evidence from a Novel Survey Downloads
Yuanyan Zhang, Anh Thi Ngoc Nguyen, Thuy Dinh Pham, Nga Huong Phi, Duong Thuy Nguyen, Tuan Danh Duong and Era Dabla-Norris
2022/200: How Do State-Owned Enterprises Adjust During Downturns: Evidence from Iranian Manufacturing Firms Downloads
Priscilla Toffano and Ebad Ebadi
2022/199: Cross-Country Evidence on the Revenue Impact of Tax Reforms Downloads
Valerio Crispolti, David Amaglobeli and Xuguang Simon Sheng
2022/198: Regional Disparities in Europe Downloads
Ravi Balakrishnan, Christian Ebeke, Davide Malacrino, Louise Rabier and Melih Firat
2022/197: Experimental Indicators of Digital Industries in Select Countries: Definitions, Methods, and Results Downloads
James Tebrake, Martha Tovar and Brent Moulton
2022/196: A Tale of Tier 3 Cities Downloads
Kenneth Rogoff and Yuanchen Yang
2022/195: Did the COVID-19 Recession Increase the Demand for Digital Occupations in the United States? Evidence from Employment and Vacancies Data Downloads
Ippei Shibata, Marina Mendes Tavares, Carlo Pizzinelli, Myrto Oikonomou and Jiaming Soh
2022/194: Why European Banks Adjust their Dividend Payouts? Downloads
Mariusz Jarmuzek, Marco Belloni and Maciej Grodzicki
2022/193: Keeping it Simple–Efficiency Costs of Fixed Margin Regimes in Transfer Pricing Downloads
Sebastian Beer, Jan Loeprick and Sebastien Leduc
2022/192: Promoting Innovation: The Differential Impact of R&D Subsidies Downloads
Fuad Hasanov, Reda Cherif, Christoph Grimpe and Wolfgang Sofka
2022/191: U.S. Monetary Policy Shock Spillovers: Evidence from Firm-Level Data Downloads
Davide Furceri, Elif Arbatli Saxegaard, Jeanne Verrier and Melih Firat
2022/190: Rationalizing Pharmaceutical Spending Downloads
Manuel García-Goñi
2022/189: Stress Testing the Global Economy to Climate Change-Related Shocks in Large and Interconnected Economies Downloads
Yiqun Wu, Camilo Tovar and Tianxiao Zheng
2022/188: Shock Absorbers or Transmitters? The Role of Foreign Banks during COVID-19 Downloads
Juan Yepez, Weijia Yao and Anamika Sen
2022/187: Excess Profit Taxes: Historical Perspective and Contemporary Relevance Downloads
Shafik Hebous, Nate Vernon and Dinar Prihardini
2022/186: Central Bank Independence and Inflation in Latin America—Through the Lens of History Downloads
Luis Jácome and Samuel Pienknagura
2022/185: Digitalization and Social Protection: Macro and Micro Lessons for Vietnam Downloads
Amr Hosny and Alexandre Sollaci
2022/184: Structural Reforms and Economic Growth: A Machine Learning Approach Downloads
Anil Ari, Gabor Pula and Liyang Sun
2022/183: OPEC and the Oil Market Downloads
Andrea Pescatori and Yousef Nazer
2022/182: Sustainable Finance in Emerging Markets: Evolution, Challenges, and Policy Priorities Downloads
Fabio Natalucci, Deepali Gautam and Rohit Goel
2022/181: Determinants of Inflation in Iran and Policies to Curb It Downloads
H. Elif Ture and Ali Reza Khazaei
2022/180: Closing Peru's Ethnic Gaps Amidst Sustained Economic Growth Downloads
Gonzalo Salinas, Yuri Zamora and Carlos Chavez
2022/179: Waiting for Godot? The Case for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Small Island States Downloads
Serhan Cevik
2022/178: Dirty Dance: Tourism and Environment Downloads
Serhan Cevik
2022/177: Home or Away? Profit Shifting with Territorial Taxation Downloads
Li Liu and Dominika Langenmayr
2022/176: Private Savings and COVID-19 in Sub-Saharan Africa Downloads
Boileau Loko, Marcos Poplawski Ribeiro and Nelie Nembot
2022/175: The Fear Economy: A Theory of Output, Interest, and Safe Assets Downloads
Ruchir Agarwal
2022/174: Climate Change and Energy Security: The Dilemma or Opportunity of the Century? Downloads
Serhan Cevik
2022/173: Second-Round Effects of Oil Price Shocks -- Implications for Europe’s Inflation Outlook Downloads
Chikako Baba and Jaewoo Lee
2022/172: What Matters for Job Finding and Separation in the Long Run? Evidence from Labor Market Dynamics in New Zealand Downloads
Siddharth Kothari, Yosuke Kido, Guanyu Zheng, Gulnara Nolan and Christopher Ball
2022/171: The Systemic Impact of Debt Default in a Multilayered Global Network Model Downloads
Nathan Porter, Camilo Tovar, Juan Trevino, Johannes Eugster and Theofanis Papamichalis
2022/170: Effective Fiscal-Monetary Interactions in Severe Recessions Downloads
Raphael Espinoza, Jesper Lindé, Jiaqian Chen, Zoltan Jakab, Carlos Goncalves, Tryggvi Gudmundsson and Martina Hengge
2022/169: Quarterly Projection Model for the Bank of Ghana Downloads
Shalva Mkhatrishvili, Valeriu Nalban, Philip Abradu-Otoo, Ivy Acquaye, Abubakar Addy, Nana Kwame Akosah, James Attuquaye, Simon Harvey and Zakari Mumuni
2022/168: Inflation-at-Risk in in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia Downloads
Maximilien Queyranne, Romain Lafarguette and Kubi Johnson
2022/167: Breaking Bad: A Disaggregated Analysis of Inflation Inertia Downloads
Serhan Cevik
2022/166: Mind the Gap: City-Level Inflation Synchronization Downloads
Serhan Cevik
2022/165: India’s State-Owned Enterprises Downloads
Elif Arbatli Saxegaard, Ruchir Agarwal, Lesley Fisher and Xuehui Han
2022/164: The Fiscal Stance in Japan: A Model-based Analysis Downloads
Anh Nguyen, Jean-Marc Fournier and Takuma Hisanaga
2022/163: Bank Stress Testing of Physical Risks under Climate Change Macro Scenarios: Typhoon Risks to the Philippines Downloads
Hiroko Oura, Fabian Lipinsky, Stephane Hallegatte, Paola Morales, Nicola Ranger, Martijn Gert Jan Regelink and Henk Jan Reinders
2022/162: Debt-for-Climate Swaps: Analysis, Design, and Implementation Downloads
Marcos Chamon, Vimal Thakoor, Erik Klok and Jeromin Zettelmeyer
2022/161: Inflation Expectations and the Supply Chain Downloads
Francesco Grigoli, Elías Albagli and Emiliano Luttini
2022/160: Is Education Neglected in Natural Resources-Rich Countries? An Intergenerational Approach in Africa Downloads
Rasmané Ouedraogo, Jean-Marc Atsebi and Regina Séri
2022/159: Economic Growth After Debt Surges Downloads
Paulo Medas and Joao Jalles
2022/158: Exchange-Rate Swings and Foreign Currency Intervention Downloads
Andrew Filardo, Thomas McGregor and R. Gelos
2022/157: Do IMF Programs Stimulate Private Sector Investment? Downloads
Rima Turk-Ariss, Pietro Bomprezzi and Silvia Marchesi
2022/156: Estimating Macro-Fiscal Effects of Climate Shocks From Billions of Geospatial Weather Observations Downloads
Matthieu Bellon, Emanuele Massetti and Berkay Akyapi
2022/155: Legal Gender Equality as a Catalyst for Convergence Downloads
Can Sever
2022/154: Reducing Dollarization in the Caucasus and Central Asia Downloads
Selim Cakir, Maria Atamanchuk, Nathalie Reyes, Mazin Al Riyami and Nia Sharashidze
2022/153: Understanding and Predicting Systemic Corporate Distress: A Machine-Learning Approach Downloads
Burcu Hacibedel and Ritong Qu
2022/152: Surging Energy Prices in Europe in the Aftermath of the War: How to Support the Vulnerable and Speed up the Transition Away from Fossil Fuels Downloads
Oya Celasun, Aiko Mineshima, Nicolas Arregui, Victor Mylonas, Anil Ari, Iulia Teodoru, Simon Black, Karlygash Zhunussova, Dora Iakova and Ian Parry
2022/151: Housing Boom and Headline Inflation: Insights from Machine Learning Downloads
Yunhui Zhao, Yang Liu and Di Yang
2022/150: Distributional Effects of Tax Reforms in Japan: Micro-simulation Approach Downloads
Takuma Hisanaga
2022/149: Fiscal Multipliers During Pandemics Downloads
Tidiane Kinda, Andras Lengyel and Kaustubh Chahande
2022/148: Unorthodox Expenditure Procedures in CEMAC and WAEMU Countries Downloads
Hoda Selim, Gwenaelle Suc, Bruno Imbert and Qing Zhao
2022/147: Sudden Stops and Optimal Policy in a Two-agent Economy Downloads
Nina Biljanovska and Alexandros Vardoulakis
2022/146: Transitioning to a Greener Labor Market: Cross-Country Evidence from Microdata Downloads
John Bluedorn, Niels-Jakob Hansen, Ippei Shibata, Marina Tavares and Diaa Noureldin
2022/145: Natural Gas in Europe: The Potential Impact of Disruptions to Supply Downloads
C. Di Bella, Mark Flanagan, Frederik Toscani, Alex Pienkowski, Karim Foda, Martin Stuermer and Svitlana Maslova
2022/144: The Economic Impacts on Germany of a Potential Russian Gas Shutoff Downloads
Galen Sher, Jing Zhou and Ting Lan
2022/143: Market Size and Supply Disruptions: Sharing the Pain of a Potential Russian Gas Shut-off to the European Union Downloads
Andrea Pescatori, John Bluedorn, Christoffer Koch, Silvia Albrizio and Martin Stuermer
2022/142: A Comprehensive Package of Macroeconomic Policy Measures for Implementing China’s Climate Mitigation Strategy Downloads
Wenjie Chen, Karlygash Zhunussova, Jean Chateau and Florence Jaumotte
2022/141: Macroprudential Regulation and Sector-Specific Default Risk Downloads
Sami Ben Naceur, Bertrand Candelon, Mohamed Belkhir and Jean-Charles Wijnandts
2022/140: Women in Fintech: As Leaders and Users Downloads
Sumiko Ogawa, Purva Khera, Mahima Vasishth and Ratna Sahay
2022/139: Assessing the Impact of Business Closures on COVID-19 Outcomes Downloads
Chima Simpson-Bell and Xuequan Elsie Peng
2022/138: Inequality and the Structure of Countries’ External Liabilities Downloads
Tobias Krahnke, Philipp Harms, Mathias Hoffmann and Miriam Kohl
2022/137: Financial Sector and Economic Growth in India Downloads
TengTeng Xu and Margaux MacDonald
2022/136: An Alternative Proof of Minimum Trace Reconciliation Downloads
Futoshi Narita and Sakai Ando
2022/135: Staple Food Prices in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Empirical Assessment Downloads
Filiz Unsal, John Spray and Cedric Okou
2022/134: Financial Development and Growth in the Caucasus and Central Asia Downloads
Tigran Poghosyan
2022/133: Contagion as a Dealmaker? The Effect of Financial Spillovers on Regional Lending Programs Downloads
Alexandra Fotiou, Alica Bonk and Georgios Manalis
2022/132: The Effects of Economic Shocks on Heterogeneous Inflation Expectations Downloads
Gee Hee Hong, Yoosoon Chang and Fabio Gómez-Rodríguez
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