Regional Convergence and the Role of Federal Transfers in Canada
Steven Dunaway and
No 2003/097, IMF Working Papers from International Monetary Fund
Differences in per capita output across Canadian provinces have narrowed less than disparities in per capita income in past decades. Using a panel regression framework, this paper studies the differential impact of federal transfer programs on output convergence. The evidence suggests that while the Employment Insurance (EI) system seems to have had a significant negative effect on output convergence?by discouraging migration within Canada?the Equalization transfers may have helped spur convergence. The EI system, despite reforms introduced in the 1990s, still appears to contain features that deter labor mobility.
Keywords: WP; employment insurance; EI transfer; employment insurance system; equation; Canada; regional convergence; federal transfers; migration; EI generosity; EI benefit; migration equation; Disposable income; Public expenditure review; Employment; Unemployment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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