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HIV/AIDS: The Impact on Poverty and Inequality

Markus Haacker and Gonzalo Salinas

No 2006/126, IMF Working Papers from International Monetary Fund

Abstract: Using available data on the distribution of HIV/AIDS prevalence across population groups for four sub-Saharan African countries and transposing this information to household income and expenditure surveys, we simulate the impact of HIV/AIDS on poverty and inequality. We find that the epidemic lowers average income and increases poverty, and that the jump in poverty is larger than expected from the fall in average income. This disproportionate increase in poverty reflects the large share of the population living on the threshold of poverty and the higher HIV prevalence rates in those segments of the population.

Keywords: WP; income; Aids; poverty gap; dependency ratio; expenditure survey (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 24
Date: 2006-05-01
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