Two-Sided Market, R&D and Payments System Evolution
Bin Grace Li,
James McAndrews () and
No 2019/057, IMF Working Papers from International Monetary Fund
It takes many years for more efficient electronic payments to be widely used, and the fees that merchants (consumers) pay for using those services are increasing (decreasing) over time. We address these puzzles by studying payments system evolution with a dynamic model in a twosided market setting. We calibrate the model to the U.S. payment card data, and conduct welfare and policy analysis. Our analysis shows that the market power of electronic payment networks plays important roles in explaining the slow adoption and asymmetric price changes, and the welfare impact of regulations may vary significantly through the endogenous R&D channel.
Keywords: Currencies; Personal income; Payment systems; Credit; Technological innovation; WP,fixed cost,payment card (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: Two-sided market, R&D, and payments system evolution (2020)
Working Paper: Two-sided Market, R&D and Payments System Evolution (2019)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:imf:imfwpa:2019/057
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