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A Quantitative Analysis of Female Employment in Senegal

Vivian Malta, Angelica Martinez and Marina Tavares

No 2019/241, IMF Working Papers from International Monetary Fund

Abstract: Female-to-male employment in Senegal increased by 14 percentage points between 2006 and 2011. During the same period years of education of the working age population increased 27 percent for females and 13 percent for males, reducing gender gaps in education. In this paper, we quantitatively investigate the impact of this increase in education on female employment in Senegal. To that end, we build an overlapping generations model that captures barriers that women face over their life-cycle. Our main findings are: (i) the improvement in years of education can explain up to 44 percent of the observed increased in female-to-male employment ratio and (ii) the rest can be explained by a decline in the discrimination against women in the labor market.

Keywords: WP; production function; Labor Force Participation; Development; female-to-male employment ratio; wage discrimination; per capita income; earnings ratio; representative firm; net government expenditure effect; Women; Labor markets; Gender diversity; Sub-Saharan Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 29
Date: 2019-11-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-dge
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