Monetary Policy Transmission in Emerging Markets and Developing Economies
R. Gaston Gelos (),
Ratna Sahay and
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Luis Brandao Marques ()
No 2020/035, IMF Working Papers from International Monetary Fund
Central banks in emerging and developing economies (EMDEs) have been modernizing their monetary policy frameworks, often moving toward inflation targeting (IT). However, questions regarding the strength of monetary policy transmission from interest rates to inflation and output have often stalled progress. We conduct a novel empirical analysis using Jordà’s (2005) approach for 40 EMDEs to shed a light on monetary transmission in these countries. We find that interest rate hikes reduce output growth and inflation, once we explicitly account for the behavior of the exchange rate. Having a modern monetary policy framework—adopting IT and independent and transparent central banks—matters more for monetary transmission than financial development.
Keywords: Financial sector development; Exchange rates; Monetary policy frameworks; Central bank policy rate; Consumer price indexes; WP,exchange rate,inflation targeting,interest rate (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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