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Gender differences in competition emerge early in life

Matthias Sutter () and Daniela R?tzler ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Daniela Glätzle-Rützler ()

Working Papers from Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck

Abstract: We study gender differences in the willingness to compete in a large-scale experiment with 1,035 children and teenagers, aged three to eighteen years. Using an easy math task for children older than eight years and a running task for the younger ones we find that boys are much more likely to enter a tournament than girls across the whole age spectrum considered here. This gender gap is observed already with three-year olds, indicating that gender differences in competitiveness emerge very early in life. The gap is robust to controlling for gender differences in risk attitudes and overconfidence.

Keywords: Competition; gender gap; experiment; children; teenagers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C91 D03 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cbe and nep-exp
Date: 2010-06
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