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Global Energy and Climate Outlook 2018: Sectoral mitigation options towards a low-emissions economy

Kimon Keramidas (), Stephane Tchung-Ming (), Ana Raquel Diaz-Vazquez (), Matthias Weitzel (), Toon Vandyck (), Jacques Després, Andreas Schmitz (), Luis Rey Los Santos (), Krzysztof Wojtowicz (), Burkhard Schade (), Bert Saveyn and Antonio Soria-Ramirez ()
Additional contact information
Stephane Tchung-Ming: European Commission - JRC,
Ana Raquel Diaz-Vazquez: European Commission - JRC,
Toon Vandyck: European Commission - JRC,
Andreas Schmitz: European Commission - JRC,
Luis Rey Los Santos: European Commission - JRC,
Krzysztof Wojtowicz: European Commission - JRC,
Burkhard Schade: European Commission - JRC,
Antonio Soria-Ramirez: European Commission - JRC,

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Ana Raquel Diaz Vazquez ()

No JRC113446, JRC Working Papers from Joint Research Centre (Seville site)

Abstract: This report analyses global transition pathways to a low Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions economy The main scenarios presented have been designed to be compatible with the 2°C and 1.5°C temperature targets put forward in the UNFCCC Paris Agreement, in order to minimise irreversible climate damages. Reaching these targets requires action from all world countries and in all economic sectors. Global net GHG emissions would have to drop to zero by around 2080 to limit temperature increase to 2°C above pre-industrial levels (by around 2065 for the 1.5°C limit). The analysis shows that this ambitious low-carbon transition can be achieved with robust economic growth, implying small mitigation costs. Results furthermore highlight that the combination of climate and air policies can contribute to improving air quality across the globe, thus enabling progress on the UN Sustainable Development Goals for climate action, clean energy and good health. Key uncertainties in future pathways related to the availability of future technological options have been assessed for Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) and bioenergy. If CCS technologies would not develop, a 2°C pathway would have a similar mitigation trajectory in the first half of the century as a 1.5°C scenario with CCS.

Keywords: Paris Agreement; energy sector; Mid-century strategy; Long-Term Strategy; 2°C; 1.5°C; UNFCCC; climate change mitigation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 200 pages
Date: 2018-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene and nep-env
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Handle: RePEc:ipt:iptwpa:jrc113446