China: Challenges and Prospects from an Industrial and Innovation Powerhouse
Xabier Goenaga Beldarrain,
Patricia Alves Dias,
Jose Miguel Asensio Bermejo,
Giuditta de Prato,
Xabier Goenaga Beldarrain,
Wildmer Daniel Gregori,
David Martinez Turegano,
Maria Amalia Munoz-Pineiro,
Michela Rancan (),
Jose Rueda Cantuche,
Jorge Tanarro Colodron,
Guy van Den Eede,
Cristina Vazquez Hernandez,
Antonio Vezzani () and
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: José Manuel Rueda-Cantuche (),
Alexander Tübke and
No JRC116516, JRC Working Papers from Joint Research Centre (Seville site)
China is rapidly becoming a major industrial competitor in high tech and growth sectors. Its economic success and related industrial policies have received a high degree of attention, especially in light of its capacity to challenge the leading position of advanced economies in several fields. China aims, through the 'Made in China 2025' strategy, to become a world leader in key industrial sectors. In these sectors, it strives to strengthen its domestic innovation capacity, to reduce its reliance on foreign technologies while moving up in global value chains. This report analyses China's approach to attain a dominant position in international markets through a combination of industrial, R&I, trade and foreign direct investment policies. It offers an assessment of China's current position compared to the EU and US innovation systems across a range of dimensions. It concludes that China has become a major industrial competitor in several rapidly expanding high tech sectors, which may well result in attaining China's goal of becoming an innovation leader in specific areas. As a response, the EU will need to boost its industrial and R&I performance and develop a trade policy that can ensure a level playing field for EU companies in China and for Chinese companies in the EU.
Keywords: China; Global Value Chains; M&As; FDI; Venture Capital; R&I; Genomics; Artificial Intelligence; Robotics; Quantum; Nuclear; New Vehicles; Wind Energy; Solar Photovoltaics; Industrial Leadership (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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