Universality in Social Protection: An Inquiry about its Meaning and Measurement
Rafael Muñoz de Bustillo,
Enrique Fernandez Macias () and
Ignacio Gonzalez Vazquez ()
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Enrique Fernandez Macias: European Commission – JRC, https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en
Ignacio Gonzalez Vazquez: European Commission – JRC, https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Enrique Fernandez-Macias
No JRC122953, JRC Working Papers from Joint Research Centre (Seville site)
This report aims to conceptualise universality in social protection and propose an actionable approach to measure it in a systematic and comprehensive way in the European Union. We propose to define the universality of a given Welfare State along three dimensions: the range of social needs addressed the degree to which the relevant population is covered, and the extent to which the needs are adequately covered in each case. We argue that these three dimensions can be used to measure the universality of European social systems. We discuss how this measurement could be implemented and present an illustrative operationalisation through a system of indicators for health, unemployment benefits, sickness benefits, old-age pensions, social assistance, housing, and education.
Keywords: Universality; Social; Protection; Coverage; Adequacy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 106 pages
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ipt:iptwpa:jrc122953
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