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The role of the Eurasian wheat belt to regional and global food security

Stephen Langrell (), Sébastien Mary, Pavel Ciaian, Sergio Gomez Y Paloma, Natalia Shagaida (), Renata Yanbykh (), Peter Voigt (), Ashok Mishra (), Amaranth Tripathi (), H. Holly Wang, Thomas Fellmann (), Sergio René Araujo Enciso, Jacques Delince (), Guna Salputra, Thomas Fellmann (), Fabien Santini, Robert M'barek and Marco Artavia ()
Additional contact information
Stephen Langrell: European Commission – Directorate General for Health and Food Safety
Peter Voigt: European Commission - Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs
Amaranth Tripathi: Institute for Economic Growth, Delhi, India
Thomas Fellmann: European Commission – JRC,
Jacques Delince: European Commission – JRC,
Thomas Fellmann: European Commission – JRC,
Robert M'barek: European Commission – JRC,
Marco Artavia: European Commission – JRC,

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Robert Mbarek and Thomas Fellmann

No JRC95580, JRC Research Reports from Joint Research Centre (Seville site)

Abstract: Food security remains to be a major societal concern. In the light of the current expectations of population growth, world food production has to be massively increased to sustain the associated food demand rise. While agricultural productivity was rising during recent decades in the US, Europe and also in some developing countries, the corresponding growth rates lately appeared to be slowing down. In fact, the only world region with a significant amount of arable land, which currently is not under cultivation and which at the same time is, moreover, experiencing rising productivity figures, is the so called 'Eurasian wheat belt', comprising of Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and the Central Asian countries, namely Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Kirgizstan. In this light, the Joint Research Centre and the Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development organized a thematic workshop, held during 20 – 22 May 2014 in Istanbul/Turkey, set up to bring experts on the matter together and to discuss to what extent these countries could play a role for regional and international food security. Following the workshop analysis and discussion, this report provides a comprehensive technical overview of the wheat production, and the main factors to achieve full production potential across the Eurasian wheat belt with regards to national, regional and global issues of cereal supply and food security in evolving global markets. It reviews key horizontal issues, such as land policy, credit and finance, privatization, farm structures, social consequences of transition, environmental challenges, against the backdrop of agrarian reforms implemented during the transition period. In addition the report explores production potential and corresponding institutional and policy restrictions in a series of Eurasian countries. Finally, the report closes with expert opined policy-relevant conclusions as a basis for policy suggestions and recommendations.

Keywords: Food security; Eurasia; CIS; Wheat; Transition; Land reform; Agricultural policy; Agricultural markets; Russia; Ukraine; Kazakhstan. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q02 Q13 Q15 Q18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 117 pages
Date: 2015-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-cis, nep-cwa and nep-tra
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Handle: RePEc:ipt:iptwpa:jrc95580