Validation of Non-formal MOOC-based Learning: An Analysis of Assessment and Recognition Practices in Europe (OpenCred)
Gabi Witthaus (),
Mark Childs (),
Anne-Christin TannhÃ¤user (),
Grainne Conole (),
Bernard Nkuyubwatsi () and
Additional contact information
Gabi Witthaus: University of Leicester
Mark Childs: University of Leicester
Anne-Christin TannhÃ¤user: ESCP Europe
Grainne Conole: University of Leicester
Bernard Nkuyubwatsi: University of Leicester
No JRC96968, JRC Working Papers from Joint Research Centre (Seville site)
This report presents the outcomes of research, conducted between May 2014 and November 2015, into emerging practices in assessment, credentialisation and recognition in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). Following extensive research on MOOCs in European Member States, it provides a snapshot of how European Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) recognise (or not) non-formal learning (particularly MOOC-based), and how some employers recognise open badges and MOOC certificates for continuing professional development. We analyse the relationship between forms of assessment used and credentials awarded, from badges for self-assessment to ECTS credits for on-site examinations, and consider the implications for recognition. Case studies provide deeper insights into existing practices. The report introduces a model which guides MOOC conveners in positioning and shaping their offers, and also helps institutions and employers to make recognition decisions. It concludes with a set of recommendations to European HEIs and policy makers to enable wider recognition of open learning in higher education and at the workplace.
Keywords: MOOC; non-formal learning; recognition of learning; online courses; open education; OER; higher education; open educational resources (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu
References: View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ipt:iptwpa:jrc96968
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in JRC Working Papers from Joint Research Centre (Seville site) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Publication Officer ().