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Migration and public finances in the EU

Carlo Fiorio (), Tommaso Frattini, Andrea Riganti () and Michael Christl

No 2022-05, JRC Working Papers on Taxation & Structural Reforms from Joint Research Centre (Seville site)

Abstract: We provide novel and comprehensive evidence on the net fiscal contributions of natives and migrants to the governmental budgets of EU countries. We account for income taxes and cash benefits, along with indirect taxes and in-kind benefits, which are often missing in standard datasets. We find that on average, migrants were net contributors to public finances over the period of 2014-2018 in the EU and, moreover, that they contribute approximately EUR 1.5 thousand more per capita each year than natives. We also show that this difference is partly due to selection on characteristics that make migrants net fiscal contributors, such as demographic factors and employment probability.

Keywords: Migration; EU; individual taxation; public benefits; individual fiscal contribution (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 H24 H50 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec, nep-mig, nep-pub and nep-ure
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