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Commodity Prices and Global Inflation, 1851-1913

Stefan Gerlach and Rebecca Stuart ()

No 21-07, IRENE Working Papers from IRENE Institute of Economic Research

Abstract: This paper uses annual data to study the interaction of consumer and commodity prices in 15 economies over the period 1850-1913. We find that consumer price inflation in all 15 countries co-moves with a broad measure of changes in commodity prices. Consumer prices comove most strongly with changes in metal prices, in particular pig iron prices. Furthermore, changes in pig iron prices and production, which have attracted much attention in the literature on 19th century US business cycles, co-move with the international business cycle, suggesting that pig iron prices offer a transmission channel through which international business cycle movements affect inflation.

Keywords: commodity prices; Gold standard; global inflation; pig iron (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 F40 N10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 32 pages.
Date: 2021-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-isf, nep-mac, nep-mon and nep-opm
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:irn:wpaper:21-07

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