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Immigration Enforcement and Childhood Poverty in the United States

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes (), Esther Arenas-Arroyo () and Almudena Sevilla ()

No 10030, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Over the past two decades immigration enforcement has grown exponentially in the United States. We exploit the geographical and temporal variation in a novel index of the intensity of immigration enforcement between 2005 and 2011 to show how the average yearly increase in interior immigration enforcement over that time period raised the likelihood of living in poverty of households with U.S. citizen children by 4 percent. The effect is robust to a number of identification tests accounting for the potential endogeneity of enforcement policies, and is primarily driven by police-based immigration enforcement measures adopted at the local level such as 287(g) agreements.

Keywords: U.S. citizen children; poverty; immigration enforcement; unauthorized parents (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I38 J15 K37 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 50 pages
Date: 2016-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-law and nep-mig
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in: Journal of Public Economics, 2018, 158, 63-78.

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