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Earnings among Nine Ethnic Minorities and the Han Majority in China's Cities

Björn Anders Gustafsson () and Xiuna Yang ()
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Björn Anders Gustafsson: Göteborg University
Xiuna Yang: China Development Research Foundation

No 10230, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper asks if economic growth and steps towards a market economy have affected earnings gaps between the Han and nine large urban ethnic minorities: Zhuang, Hui, Manchurian, Tujia, Uighur, Miao, Tibetan, Mongol and Korean. It also asks how earnings premiums and earnings penalties have changed for the nine ethnic minorities. For the analysis we use a subsample of the 2005 China's Inter-Census Survey. We find examples of three different changes over time in earnings premiums and earnings penalties: One ethnic minority for whom the development has been more favourable than for the Han majority; a second category in which development has been similar; and a third category for which development has been unfavourable. We conclude from the analysis that it can be misleading to infer the experience of one ethnic minority from that of another.

Keywords: earnings; ethnic minorities; Uighur; Tibetan; Korean (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J15 J31 J71 P23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 35 pages
Date: 2016-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna, nep-dem, nep-gro, nep-lma, nep-ltv and nep-tra
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Published - published in Journal of Asia Pacific Economy, 2017, 22 (3), 525-546

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