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Immigrant Labor Market Integration across Admission Classes

Bernt Bratsberg (), Oddbjørn Raaum () and Knut Røed ()
Additional contact information
Oddbjørn Raaum: Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research

No 10513, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We examine patterns of labor market integration across immigrant groups. The study draws on Norwegian longitudinal administrative data covering labor earnings and social insurance claims over a 25-year period and presents a comprehensive picture of immigrant-native employment and social insurance differentials by admission class and by years since entry. For refugees and family immigrants from low-income source countries, we uncover encouraging signs of labor market integration during an initial period upon admission, but after just 5-10 years, the integration process goes into reverse with widening immigrant-native employment differentials and rising rates of immigrant social insurance dependency. Yet, the analysis reveals substantial heterogeneity within admission class and points to an important role of host-country schooling for successful immigrant labor market integration.

Keywords: migration; refugees; assimilation; social insurance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 H55 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-ias, nep-lma and nep-mig
Date: 2017-01
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Published in: Nordic Economic Policy Review, 2017, 7 , 17-54.

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