EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Is the Gender Pay Gap in the US Just the Result of Gender Segregation at Work?

Katie Meara (), Francesco Pastore () and Allan Webster ()
Additional contact information
Katie Meara: Bournemouth University
Allan Webster: Bournemouth University

No 10673, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This study examines the gender wage gap between male and female workers in the US using a cross-section from the Current Population Survey (CPS) It shows that the extent of gender segregation by both industry and occupation is significantly greater than previously supposed. For the wage gap this creates problems of sample selection bias, of non-comparability between male and female employment. To address these problems the study uses a matching approach, which we also extend to a more recent methodological version with a yet stronger statistical foundation – Inverse Probability Weighted Regression Adjustment (IPWRA) – not previously used in related studies. Despite this, doubts remain about even these well founded and appropriate techniques in the presence of such strong gender segregation. To secure even greater precision we repeat the matching analysis for a small number of industries and occupations, each carefully selected for employing similar numbers of men and women. This is an approach that has not previously been explored in the relevant literature. The findings for the full sample are replicated at the level of industry and occupation, where comparability is more reliable. The study supports the view of the existing literature that the gender wage gap varies by factors such as age and parenthood. But it also finds that, even when these and other important "control" variables such as part-time working, industry and occupation are taken into account, a statistically significant gender wage gap remains.

Keywords: gender pay gap; segregation; sample selection bias; propensity score matching IPWRA; USA (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C31 J16 J31 K38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 55 pages
Date: 2017-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gen, nep-lma and nep-pke
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://ftp.iza.org/dp10673.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Is the gender pay gap in the us just the result of gender segregation at work? (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Is the gender pay gap in the US just the result of gender segregation at work? (2017) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10673

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().

 
Page updated 2020-01-21
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10673