Demographic Aging and Employment Dynamics in German Regions: Modeling Regional Heterogeneity
Thomas Graaff (),
Arribas-Bel, Daniel () and
Ceren Ozgen ()
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Arribas-Bel, Daniel: University of Liverpool
Ceren Ozgen: University of Birmingham
No 10734, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
Persistence of high youth unemployment and dismal labour market outcomes are imminent concerns for most European economies. The relationship between demographic ageing and employment outcomes is even more worrying once the relationship is scrutinized at the regional level. We focus on modelling regional heterogeneity. We argue that an average impact across regions is often not very useful, and that â€“ conditional on the region's characteristics â€“ impacts may differ significantly. We advocate the use of modelling varying level and slope effects, and specifically to cluster them by the use of latent class or finite mixture models (FMMs). Moreover, in order to fully exploit the output from the FMM, we adopt self-organizing maps to understand the composition of the resulting segmentation and as a way to depict the underlying regional similarities that would otherwise be missed if a standard approach was adopted. We apply our proposed method to a case-study of Germany where we show that the regional impact of young age cohorts on the labor market is indeed very heterogeneous across regions and our results are robust against potential endogeneity bias.
Keywords: youth cohorts; self-organizing maps; finite mixture models; employment; demographic aging; immigrant workers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J21 J61 J01 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-eur, nep-geo and nep-ure
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Published in: Stough, R. et al. (eds.): Modelling Aging and Migration Effects on Spatial Labour Markets, Springer, 2018, 211 - 231
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