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Competition and Subsequent Risk-Taking Behaviour: Heterogeneity across Gender and Outcomes

Antonio Filippin () and Francesca Gioia ()

No 10792, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Abstract: This paper studies if competition affects subsequent risk-taking behaviour by means of a laboratory experiment that manipulates the degree of competitiveness of the environment under equivalent monetary incentives. We find that competition increases risk aversion, especially for males, but not in a significant manner. When conditioning on the outcome, we find that males become significantly more risk averse after losing the tournament than after randomly earning the same low payoff. In contrast, males do not become more risk-seeking after winning the tournament, while females' average risk-taking behaviour is unaffected by tournament participation and outcomes. We interpret our findings in terms of males' reaction to negative outcomes driven by intrinsic motives, such as emotions or a shift in the locus of control from internal to external.

Keywords: competition; risk attitudes; gender (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C81 C91 D81 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cbe, nep-exp, nep-gth, nep-hrm and nep-upt
Date: 2017-05
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Published in: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 75, 84-94

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Journal Article: Competition and subsequent risk-taking behaviour: Heterogeneity across gender and outcomes (2018) Downloads
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