War during Childhood: The Long Run Effects of Warfare on Health
Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel ()
No 10807, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
This paper estimates the causal long-term consequences of an exposure to war in utero and during childhood on the risk of obesity and the probability of having a chronic health condition in adulthood. Using the plausibly exogenous city-by-cohort variation in the intensity of WWII destruction as a unique quasi-experiment, I find that individuals who were exposed to WWII destruction during the prenatal and early postnatal periods have higher BMIs and are more likely to be obese as adults. I also find an elevated incidence of chronic health conditions such as stroke, hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disorder in adulthood among these wartime children.
Keywords: health conditions; body size; warfare; children (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I10 I12 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published in: Journal of Health Economics, 53, May 2017, 117–130.
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