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Women Make Houses, Women Make Homes

Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel (), Melanie Khamis () and Mutlu Yuksel
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Melanie Khamis: Wesleyan University

No 10830, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper examines the persistent effects of historical labor market institutions and policies on women's long-term labor market outcomes. We quantify these enduring effects by exploring quasi-experimental variation in Germany's post-World War II mandatory reconstruction policy, which compelled women to work in the rubble removal and reconstruction process. Using difference-in-differences and instrumental variable approaches, we find that mandatory employment during the postwar era generated persistent adverse effects on women's long-term labor market outcomes. An increase in marriage and fertility rates in the postwar era and a physical and mental exhaustion associated with manual labor are some of the direct and indirect channels potentially explaining our results.

Keywords: female labor supply; historical institutions; occupational choice (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J24 N34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his and nep-lma
Date: 2017-06
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Published in: Labour Economics, 2017, 49, 145-161

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