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Patrilocal Residence and Female Labour Supply

Andreas Landmann (), Helke Seitz () and Susan Steiner ()
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Andreas Landmann: Paris School of Economics
Helke Seitz: DIW Berlin

No 10890, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We examine the role of intergenerational co-residence for female labour supply in a patrilocal society. To account for the endogeneity of women's co-residence with parents or in-laws, we exploit a tradition in Central Asia, namely that the youngest son of a family usually lives with his parents. Using data from Kyrgyzstan, we therefore instrument co-residence with being married to a youngest son. We find the effect of co-residence on female labour supply to be negative and insignificant. This is in contrast to the previous literature, which found substantial positive effects in less patrilocal settings. Women who co-reside in Kyrgyzstan have more children, spend similar time on housekeeping tasks and child care, and invest more time in elder care compared with women who do not co-reside. These mechanisms appear to be inherently different from those in less patrilocal settings where co-residing parents relieve the women from household chores.

Keywords: family structure; co-residence; labour supply; patrilocality; Kyrgyzstan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J12 J21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-dev, nep-hme and nep-lab
Date: 2017-07
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