Maternal Depression, Womenâ€™s Empowerment, and Parental Investment: Evidence from a Large Randomized Control Trial
Sonia Bhalotra (),
Pietro Biroli () and
Joanna Maselko ()
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Joanna Maselko: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
No 11187, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
We evaluate the long-term impact of treating maternal depression on womenâ€™s financial empowerment and parenting decisions. We leverage experimental variation induced by a cluster-randomized control trial that provided psychotherapy to perinatally depressed mothers in rural Pakistan. It was one the largest psychotherapy interventions in the world, and the treatment was highly successful at reducing depression. We locate mothers seven years after the end of the intervention to evaluate its long-run effects. We find that the intervention increased womenâ€™s financial empowerment, increasing their control over household spending. Additionally, the intervention increased both time- and monetary-intensive parental investments, with increases in investments tending to favor girls.
Keywords: child development; mental health; maternal depression; womenâ€™s labor supply; empowerment; early life; parenting; randomized controlled trial; Pakistan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I15 I30 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-dev, nep-exp and nep-hea
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Working Paper: Maternal Depression, Womenâ€™s Empowerment, and Parental Investment: Evidence from a Large Randomized Control Trial (2017)
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