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What a Difference a Y Makes: Female and Male Nascent Entrepreneurs in Germany

Joachim Wagner ()

No 1134, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: In western industrialized countries men are on average more than twice as active in entrepreneurship as women. Based on data from a recent representative survey of the adult population in Germany this paper uses an empirical model for the decision to become selfemployed to test for differences between women and men in the ceteris paribus impact of several characteristics and attitudes, taking the rare events nature of becoming an entrepreneur into account. Furthermore, a non-parametric approach using Mahalanobisdistance matching of man and woman which are as similar as possible in all characteristics and attitudes but the "small difference" is used to investigate the difference in the propensity to become self-employed by gender. A core finding is that the difference between men and women in both the extent and the effect of considering fear of failure to be a reason not to start one's own business is important for the explanation of the gender gap in entrepreneurship.

Keywords: nascent entrepreneurs; gender differences in entrepreneurship; Germany (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 42 pages
Date: 2004-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec, nep-ent and nep-lab
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in: Small Business Economics, 2007, 28 (1), 1-21

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