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Maternal Mortality and Women's Political Participation

Sonia Bhalotra (), Damian Clarke (), Joseph Gomes and Atheendar Venkataramani ()
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Atheendar Venkataramani: Massachusetts General Hospital

No 11590, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Raising women's political participation leads to faster maternal mortality decline. We estimate that the introduction of quotas for women in parliament results in a 9 to 12% decline in maternal mortality. In terms of mechanisms, it also leads to an 8 to 11% increase in skilled birth attendance and a 6 to 11% increase in prenatal care utilization. We find reinforcing evidence from the period in which the United States experienced rapid declines in maternal mortality. The historical decline made feasible by the introduction of antibiotics was significantly greater in states that had longer exposure to women's suffrage.

Keywords: quotas; gender; women's political representation; maternal mortality; suffrage (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I14 I15 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea and nep-his
Date: 2018-06
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Working Paper: Maternal Mortality and Women’s Political Participation (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Maternal mortality and women’s political participation (2018) Downloads
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