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Pension Reform: Disentangling Retirement and Savings Responses

Maarten Lindeboom () and Raymond Montizaan ()
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Maarten Lindeboom: Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

No 11620, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: In January 2006, the Dutch government implemented a pension reform that substantially reduced the public pension wealth of workers born in 1950 or later. At the same time, a tax-facilitated savings plan was introduced that substantially reduced the saving costs of all workers, irrespective of birth year. This paper uses linked administrative and survey data to assess the effect of the reform on the savings and retirement expectations and realizations of two virtually identical male cohorts that differ only in treatment status, the treated having been born in 1950 and the controls having been born in 1949. We show that retirement expectations are in line with realizations and that the reform had the intended effect on the labor supply for the larger part of the workers, namely, those without sufficient means to substantially increase private savings to counter the effect of the reform. These workers, who are generally in worse health, have zero substitution rates between private and public wealth. On the other hand, there is a group of mostly high-wage workers who participate in the tax-facilitated Life Course Savings Scheme and who increase private savings to fully counter the impact of the drop in public wealth. A further, unintended side effect of the introduction of the tax-facilitated savings plan is that high wage earners who are not affected by the drop in pension wealth retire even sooner than initially planned.

Keywords: natural experiment; regression discontinuity; retirement; private wealth; public wealth; crowding out; substitution rate (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J26 H55 J14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 58 pages
Date: 2018-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-hea and nep-lma
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Working Paper: Pension Reform: Disentangling Retirement and Savings Responses (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Pension reform: Disentangling retirement and savings responses (2018) Downloads
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