EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Job Displacement, Family Dynamics and Spousal Labor Supply

Martin Halla, Julia Schmieder and Andrea Weber

No 11752, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We study interdependencies in spousal labor supply and the effectiveness of intrahousehold insurance in a sample of married couples, where the husband loses his job due to a mass layoff or plant closure using data from the Austrian Social Security Database. We show that in our sample of relatively young couples the shock hits households at crucial stages of family formation, which requires careful modeling of the wives' counterfactual lifecycle labor market patterns. In our empirical analysis, we propose three independent control groups of unaffected households to identify the causal effects of husbands' displacement on wives' labor supply. Our empirical results show that husbands suffer large and persistent employment and earnings losses over the first 5 years after displacement. But wives' labor supply increases only moderately and they respond predominantly at the extensive margin. The implied participation elasticity with respect to the husband's earnings shock is very small, about -0:04. While the wives' earnings gains recover only a tiny fraction of the household income loss, public transfers and taxes are a more important insurance at least in the short run. In terms of non-labor market related outcomes, we find a small positive effect on the probability of divorce, but no effect of the husband's job displacement on fertility. The presence and ages of children in the household are crucial determinants of the wife's labor supply response. The most responsive group are mothers, who are planning to return to the labor market after a maternity break, while mothers of very young children or wives without children remain unresponsive. We thus conclude that Austria's strong gender identity norms are an explanation for the limited scope of intra-household insurance.

Keywords: firm events; household labor supply; intra-household insurance; added worker effect (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D19 J22 J65 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 79 pages
Date: 2018-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ias and nep-lab
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (10)

Published - revised version published in: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2020,12 (4), 253-87

Downloads: (external link)
https://docs.iza.org/dp11752.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Job Displacement, Family Dynamics, and Spousal Labor Supply (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Job Displacement, Family Dynamic, and Spousal Labor Supply (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Job Displacement, Family Dynamics and Spousal Labor Supply (2018) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11752

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().

 
Page updated 2024-07-10
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11752