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Optimal Education Policy and Human Capital Accumulation in the Context of Brain Drain

Slobodan Djajic (), Frédéric Docquier () and Michael Michael
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Slobodan Djajic: Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva

No 11806, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper revisits the question of how brain drain affects the optimal education policy of a developing economy. Our framework of analysis highlights the complementarity between public spending on education and students' efforts to acquire human capital in response to career opportunities at home and abroad. Given this complementarity, we find that brain drain has conflicting effects on the optimal provision of public education. A positive response is called for when the international earning differential with destination countries is large, and when the emigration rate is relatively low. In contrast with the findings in the existing literature, our numerical experiments show that these required conditions are in fact present in a large number of developing countries; they are equivalent to those under which an increase in emigration induces a net brain gain. As a further contribution, we study the interaction between the optimal immigration policy of the host country and education policy of the source country in a game-theoretic framework.

Keywords: immigration policy; migration of skilled workers; education policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J24 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gth, nep-lma and nep-mig
Date: 2018-09
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Forthcoming in: Journal of Demographic Economics, 2020

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Related works:
Working Paper: Optimal Education Policy and Human Capital Accumulation in the Context of Brain Drain (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Optimal Education Policy and Human Capital Accumulation in the Context of Brain Drain (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Optimal Education Policy and Human Capital Accumulation in the Context of Brain Drain (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Optimal Education Policy and Human Capital - Accumulation in the Context of Brain Drain (2018) Downloads
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