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Globalisation and the Gender Earnings Gap: Evidence from Sri Lanka and Cambodia 1992-2015

Raymond Robertson (), Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys () and Yevgeniya Savchenko ()
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Raymond Robertson: Texas A&M University
Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys: World Bank
Yevgeniya Savchenko: Georgetown University

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Gladys Lopez-Acevedo

No 11821, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper focuses on how the forces of globalisation, specifically the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA), have affected women's wages in the apparel sector in developing countries. Using household and labour force surveys from Cambodia and Sri Lanka, we find large positive wage premiums and a closing of the male-female wage gap during the MFA period, but smaller premiums and a widening wage gap after the end of the MFA. Our results suggest that apparel exports continued to benefit women in developing countries post-MFA.

Keywords: apparel; Multi-Fibre Arrangement; textile; wages; women; working conditions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F16 F63 F66 J21 J24 J30 J31 J81 L67 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-gen, nep-lma and nep-sea
Date: 2018-09
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