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Labor Market and Institutional Drivers of Youth Irregular Migration: Evidence from the MENA Region

Ghassan Dibeh (), Ali Fakih () and Walid Marrouch ()
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Ghassan Dibeh: American University of Beirut

No 11903, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Irregular migration became an alarming issue over the last decade for both developed and developing countries. A prevailing assumption in migration policy is that labor market and institutional characteristics play a crucial role in pushing people to leave their home countries in search for better life prospects. This paper examines this hypothesis using a unique dataset covering young people aged 15 to 29 from five major MENA countries from the year 2016. Using a probit model, the paper finds that labor market drivers (unemployment, job sector, social security, contract type) are of great importance for the decision to migrate irregularly amongst the youth in the MENA region and that the quality of institutions matters. In addition, the lack of wealth and economic opportunities enhance their willingness to engage in irregular migration.

Keywords: irregular migration; youth; labor markets; institutions; Arab Spring (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J61 O17 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-lab and nep-mig
Date: 2018-10
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Forthcoming in: Journal of Industrial Relations, 2019

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Related works:
Working Paper: Labor Market and Institutional Drivers of Youth Irregular Migration: Evidence from the MENA Region (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Labor Market and Institutional Drivers of Youth Irregular Migration: Evidence from the MENA Region (2018) Downloads
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