Economics at your fingertips  

In Search of China's Income-Health Gradient: A Biomarker-Based Analysis

Peng Nie, Qing Li and Alfonso Sousa-Poza
Additional contact information
Qing Li: Shanghai University

No 12165, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Using data from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey, this study investigates China's income-health gradient by analyzing the effect of both current and long-term household income on 22 blood-based biomarkers, 4 used as individual variables and all 22 assessed as a composite. After applying a two-step residual inclusion estimator, we find limited evidence of an income-health gradient irrespective of whether the income measure is current or long term. Because risky behavior may attenuate income's positive effects on health, we also analyze the association between income and such health-influencing factors as alcohol consumption, smoking, diet, physical activity, and dietary knowledge. Although we find that higher incomes go hand-in-hand with some of these factors (in particular, a higher number of cigarettes smoked per day), they also promote poorer diets (higher consumption of fats and calories). However, the fact that these effects are small, dependent on income measure, and susceptible to reporting biases makes it unlikely that they are attenuating income's potentially positive effects on health.

Keywords: income-health gradient; biomarkers; China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 I14 I15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 33 pages
Date: 2019-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna, nep-hea and nep-tra
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc

Published - published in: Applied Economics, 2021, 53 (48), 5599 - 5618

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: In search of China’s income-health gradient: a biomarker-based analysis (2021) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().

Page updated 2024-05-25
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp12165