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Refugees Welcome? Understanding the Regional Heterogeneity of Anti-Foreigner Hate Crimes in Germany

Horst Entorf () and Martin Lange ()

No 12229, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: In this article, we examine anti-foreigner hate crime in the wake of the large influx of asylum seekers to Germany in 2014 and 2015. By exploiting the quasi-experimental assignment of asylum seekers to German regions, we estimate the causal effect of an unexpected and sudden change in the share of the foreign-born population on anti-foreigner hate crime. Our county-level analysis shows that not simply the size of regional asylum seeker inflows drives the increase in hate crime, but the rapid compositional change of the residential population: Areas with previously low shares of foreign-born inhabitants that face large-scale immigration of asylum seekers witness the strongest upsurge in hate crime. Economically deprived regions and regions with a legacy of anti-foreigner hate crimes are also found to be prone to hate crime against refugees. However, when we explicitly control for East-West German differences, the predominance of native-born residents at the local level stands out as the single most important factor explaining the sudden increase in hate crime.

Keywords: hate crime; immigration; natural experiment; regional conditions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J15 R23 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-law, nep-mig and nep-ure
Date: 2019-03
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Working Paper: Refugees welcome? Understanding the regional heterogeneity of anti-foreigner hate crimes in Germany (2019) Downloads
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