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Sons or Daughters? The Impact of Children's Migration on the Health and Well-Being of Parents Left Behind

Jackline Wahba () and Chuhong Wang ()
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Chuhong Wang: University of Southampton

No 12370, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We study the impact of adult children's internal migration on the health and subjective well-being of elderly parents left behind, distinguishing between the gender of the migrant children. To overcome migration endogeneity, we exploit novel and exogenous variation in children's astrological characteristics and apply instrumental variables methods. We find a positive effect of the migration of daughters on parents' health and life satisfaction, but no such beneficial effects when sons migrate. We further explore the mechanism through which this gender-biased migration effect may arise. Our findings have important implications for regions and countries that have high rates of female emigration.

Keywords: migration; health; subjective well-being; gender; Chinese zodiac signs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O15 I12 J14 J16 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 65 pages
Date: 2019-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-hap, nep-hea, nep-mig and nep-ure
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