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Low Emission Zones for Better Health: Evidence from German Hospitals

Nico Pestel () and Florian Wozny ()
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Nico Pestel: IZA
Florian Wozny: IZA

No 12545, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper studies health effects from restricting the access of high-emission vehicles to innercities by implementing Low Emission Zones. For identification, we exploit variation in the timing and the spatial distribution of the introduction of new Low Emission Zones across cities in Germany. We use detailed hospitalization data combined with geo-coded information on the coverage of Low Emission Zones. We find that Low Emission Zones significantly reduce levels of air pollution in urban areas and that these improvements in air quality translate into population health benefits. The number of diagnoses related to air pollution is significantly reduced for hospitals located within or in close proximity to a Low Emission Zone after it becomes effective. The results are mainly driven by reductions in chronic cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.

Keywords: Low Emission Zone; air pollution; health; Germany (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I18 Q52 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env, nep-eur, nep-hea, nep-reg, nep-tre and nep-ure
Date: 2019-08
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