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Hunger and Performance in the Classroom

Farzana Afridi, Bidisha Barooah () and Rohini Somanathan ()
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Bidisha Barooah: International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie)

No 12627, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Hunger and malnourishment can adversely affect students' performance by lowering their effort and cognition during school hours. We conduct a lab-in-the field experiment, leveraging the extension of India's school meal program from primary to middle grades, to study the effects of school-based supplementary nutrition on students' cognitive effort in the classroom. Using individual level data on the performance of students in a cognitive task both before and after the extension of the program as well as pre and post meal recess on a school day, we find that the provision of meals improved the cognitive performance of students by 13% to 16%. This result is robust to unobserved heterogeneity in school quality and student ability. Our findings suggest that short-term improvements in classroom attention and effort due to school meals can be a mechanism through which longer-term learning outcomes may improve in developing countries.

Keywords: school meals; malnourishment; performance; classroom; maze puzzles; India (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I25 H52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 49 pages
Date: 2019-09
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