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When Correspondence Studies Fail to Detect Hiring Discrimination

Pierre Cahuc (), Stéphane Carcillo (), Andreea Minea () and Marie-Anne Valfort ()
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Pierre Cahuc: Sciences Po, Paris
Stéphane Carcillo: OECD
Andreea Minea: Sciences Po, Paris
Marie-Anne Valfort: Paris School of Economics

No 12653, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Based on a correspondence study conducted in France, we show that fictitious low-skilled applicants in the private sector are half as likely to be called back by the employers when they are of North African rather than French origin. By contrast, the origin of the fictitious applicants does not impact their callback rate in the public sector. We run a survey revealing that recruiters display similarly strong negative discriminatory attitudes towards North Africans in both sectors. We set out a model explaining why differences in discrimination at the stage of invitation for interviews can arise when recruiters display identical discriminatory attitudes in both sectors. The estimation of this model shows that discrimination at the invitation stage is a poor predictor of discrimination at the hiring stage. This suggests that many correspondence studies may fail to detect hiring discrimination and its extent.

Keywords: discrimination; correspondance studies; public sector (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J45 J70 J71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-09
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