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The Volatility of Survey Measures of Culture and Its Consequences

Giulio Zanella () and Marina M. Bellani ()

No 12730, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Common measures of cultural attitudes, such as those constructed from the World Values Survey, are characterized by substantial within-country volatility. This volatility is at odds with the notion of culture adopted in economics: a set of slow-moving traits that determine preferences and expectations transmitted from one generation to the next via family or social interactions. The insufficient persistence of survey proxies for such traits may compromise empirical studies of culture as a determinant of economic outcomes. We illustrate this point via a thorough replication, using the most recent WVS waves, of analyses carried out previously for regions in Europe.

Keywords: World Values Survey; culture; development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O12 O43 Z1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 32 pages
Date: 2019-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cul, nep-gro, nep-ore and nep-soc
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