Female Labor Force Participation in Turkey: A Synthetic Cohort (Panel) Analysis, 1988-2013
Insan Tunali (),
Murat Kırdar () and
Meltem Dayioglu-Tayfur ()
Additional contact information
Insan Tunali: Koc University
Meltem Dayioglu-Tayfur: Middle East Technical University
No 12844, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
We study the aggregate labor force participation behavior of women over a 25-year period in Turkey using a synthetic panel approach. In our decomposition of age, year, and cohort effects, we use three APC models that have received close scrutiny of the demography community. We rely on predictions from just-identified models that render different methods comparable. The exercise is carried out by rural/urban status and by education to tease out some key differences in behavior, and to test hypotheses about the course of participation. Our comparative methodology yields remarkably consistent profiles for most subsamples, but not all. Notably all methods reveal an M-shaped age profile attributable to child-bearing related interruptions in rural areas and for low-educated women in urban areas. We also find that younger cohorts among the least-educated women are more likely to participate, contrary to the belief that culture stands in the way. This implies that the recent rise in the aggregate participation rates is not only due to a composition effect arising from increasing education levels. We also show that Turkey has reached the turning point of the U-shaped pattern in female participation. In addition, we dwell on methodological issues and offer explanations for the fragility of the methods. We establish that evolution of the linear trend present in the crosssection age profiles is responsible for the apparent differences in the findings.
Keywords: female labor force participation; U-hypothesis; synthetic birth cohort analysis; age-participation profiles; cohort effects; M-shaped profile; culture (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J21 C18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 92 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara and nep-lma
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Working Paper: FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION IN TURKEY: A SYNTHETIC COHORT (PANEL) ANALYSIS, 1988-2013 (2019)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp12844
Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().