EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Female Labor Force Participation in Turkey: A Synthetic Cohort (Panel) Analysis, 1988-2013

Insan Tunali (), Murat Kırdar () and Meltem Dayioglu-Tayfur ()
Additional contact information
Insan Tunali: Koc University
Meltem Dayioglu-Tayfur: Middle East Technical University

No 12844, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We study the aggregate labor force participation behavior of women over a 25-year period in Turkey using a synthetic panel approach. In our decomposition of age, year, and cohort effects, we use three APC models that have received close scrutiny of the demography community. We rely on predictions from just-identified models that render different methods comparable. The exercise is carried out by rural/urban status and by education to tease out some key differences in behavior, and to test hypotheses about the course of participation. Our comparative methodology yields remarkably consistent profiles for most subsamples, but not all. Notably all methods reveal an M-shaped age profile attributable to child-bearing related interruptions in rural areas and for low-educated women in urban areas. We also find that younger cohorts among the least-educated women are more likely to participate, contrary to the belief that culture stands in the way. This implies that the recent rise in the aggregate participation rates is not only due to a composition effect arising from increasing education levels. We also show that Turkey has reached the turning point of the U-shaped pattern in female participation. In addition, we dwell on methodological issues and offer explanations for the fragility of the methods. We establish that evolution of the linear trend present in the crosssection age profiles is responsible for the apparent differences in the findings.

Keywords: female labor force participation; U-hypothesis; synthetic birth cohort analysis; age-participation profiles; cohort effects; M-shaped profile; culture (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J21 C18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 92 pages
Date: 2019-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara and nep-lma
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://ftp.iza.org/dp12844.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION IN TURKEY: A SYNTHETIC COHORT (PANEL) ANALYSIS, 1988-2013 (2019) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp12844

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().

 
Page updated 2021-04-19
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp12844