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Early Childhood Education and Life-cycle Health

Jorge Luis Garcia () and James Heckman

No 13064, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper forecasts the life-cycle treatment effects on health of a high-quality early childhood program. Our predictions combine microsimulation using non-experimental data with experimental data from a midlife long-term follow-up. The follow-up incorporated a full epidemiological exam. The program mainly benefits males and significantly reduces the prevalence of heart disease, stroke, cancer, and mortality across the life-cycle. For men, we estimate an average reduction of 3.8 disability-adjusted years (DALYs). The reduction in DALYs is relatively small for women. The gain in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) is almost enough to offset all of the costs associated with program implementation for males and half of program costs for women.

Keywords: early childhood education; life-cycle health; long-term forecasts; program evaluation; randomized trials (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I10 J13 I28 C93 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 pages
Date: 2020-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-exp, nep-hea and nep-ltv
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Working Paper: Early Childhood Education and Life-cycle Health (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Early Childhood Education and Life-cycle Health (2020) Downloads
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